| Glorious Technicolor,
Breathtaking Cinemascope, and Stereophonic Sound.
|by Cole Porter
Stereophonic Sound (from Silk Stockings)
Today to get the public to attend the picture show,
If folks today could witness Valenteno in the sheik,
The customers don't like to see the groom embrace the bride,
You all remember Lassie,
I lately did a picture at the bottom of the sea,
If Ava Gardner played Godiva ridding on a mare,
There was a time when dancing was so intimate and sleek,
It's not enough today to see a dancer at his ease,
Stereophonic sound and stereophonic,
As documented by Cole Porter in Silk Stocking, fads in motion picture production resulted in a technical standard of Technicolor, CinemaScope, and Stereophonic Sound. The following chart shows selected examples of actual technology used by various motion pictures.
Three-strip process IV Technicolor is a system of color cinematography using three synchronized monochrome negative films for the primary colors red, green, and blue. A Technicolor camera had a single lens in front a a beam-splitter which directed the separated colors to their appropriate negative. In post-processing, the three monochrome negatives were combined, using color filters, into a single full color negative. Because the three strips were carefully isolated single colors, the final result contained hyper-realistic, saturated levels of color. In common usage Technicolor often means colors which are bright, showy, garish or excessively vividly.
CinemaScope is an anamorphic process that compresses an image during filming onto a standard 35mm frame and uncompresses it when projected. The compressed anamorphic image fits on a standard 35mm frame with an aspect ratio of 1.37:1. The uncompressed CinemaScope image has an aspect ratio of 2.35:1.
Despite the Cole Porter song to the contrary, CinemaScope and Technicolor never existed simultaneously in the same motion picture. Both processes seized control of the original negative in way incompatible with the other process. It is theoretically possible to design a combined CinemaScope-Technicolor camera and process, but the result would be between four and nine times more complex, and hence more expensive, than either process alone. Because of technical complexity and cost, there was never a commercially successful execution of a combined CinemaScope-Technicolor.
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